5 reasons why slavery was abolished

On August 28, 1833, the Slavery Abolition Act was given royal assent in England. This act ended an institution that for generations had been the source of an immensely lucrative trade and commerce. By definition, slavery is an immutable and corrupt moral system. On both sides of the Atlantic, the exploitation of slave workers also contributed greatly to the broader prosperity of the nation. brokers, attorneys, shipbuilders and moneylenders – all invested in the institution in one form or another.And so an understanding of the stiff opposition that abolitionists faced in their fight to free slaves, as well as an idea of ​​the scale to which commercial slavery pervaded pervaded British society, raising the question: Why did England abolish slavery in 1833?



By ending the flow of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic in 1807, those in the ‘Abolitionist Society’, such as Thomas Clarkson and William Wilberforce, achieved an unprecedented feat . However, their intentions never stop there. As Wilberforce wrote in his Appeal in 1823, “all the early abolitionists declared that the extinction of slavery was their greatest and final project.” The same year that Wilberforce’s Call was published, a new ‘Anti-Slavery Association’ was formed. As was the case in 1787, much emphasis was placed on the use of various campaign tools to gain public support in order to influence parliament, as opposed to lobbying methods. Traditional backdoor.

1. Failure to innovate

A major factor in the abolitionists’ argument for emancipation was the failure of the government’s ‘improve’ policy. In 1823, the Secretary of State, Lord Canning, introduced a series of resolutions calling for the improvement of conditions for slaves in His Majesty’s colonies. These included promoting Christianity in the slave community and further defending the law. Read more: Why I feel like fighting for everyone the continuation of indigenous cultural practices (such as ‘Obeah’) and more importantly the perpetuation of slave revolts .

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2. Late revolts of slaves

Between 1807 and 1833, three of Britain’s most valuable Caribbean colonies experienced violent slave revolts. Barbados was the first to see an uprising in 1816, while the colony of Demerara in British Guyana saw a full-blown uprising in 1823, however, the largest of the revolts. all slave uprisings, which occurred in Jamaica in 1831-32. 60,000 slaves plundered and burned property on 300 estates on the island. Rebel slaves and suspected conspirators were tortured and executed. A common retaliation occurred in all three dominions against missionary communities, who many plantation owners suspected of inciting revolts. They argue that maintaining this institution will inevitably lead to more violence and instability. This was a key factor in diverting public opinion against the West India Lobby.

3. Decline image of colonial planters

The white colonists of the West Indies were always looked at with suspicion by those at the subway poles. They are often looked down upon for their excessive display of wealth and gluttony. was created only between the plantation owners and the British public, but within the West Indies Lobby itself. Cracks began to appear between local planters or “creoles” and the absentee owner community residing in England. The latter group has become increasingly favorable to the idea of ​​emancipation if adequately compensated. sacrificed slavery in exchange for remuneration.

4. Overproduction and recession

Read more: why is there only one snapchat filter | Top Questions & AO One of the most persuasive arguments presented to parliament during the emancipation debates highlighted the economic decline of the West Indian colonies. In 1807, it could be proved that the Caribbean rulers remained the most lucrative British colony commercially. This was no longer the case in 1833, the main reason the colonies were in trouble was that the plantations produced too much sugar. According to the Colonial Secretary, Edward Stanley, sugar exports from the West Indies increased from 72,644 tonnes in 1803 to 189,350 tonnes in 1831 – a figure that now far exceeds domestic demand. As a result, sugar prices fell. Sadly, this only caused the growers to produce more sugar to achieve economies of scale and thus a vicious cycle was created.1f42f47e 932a 43b8 8752 071208515d28 e1612288174450Faced with increasing competition from colonies such as Cuba and Brazil, the West Indian colonies, protected by a monopoly that gave them low-tax access to the British market, began to burden them. to the British treasury rather than a valuable asset.

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5. Free labor ideology

Economics proved to be one of the first social sciences to be applied to the political debate over slavery. Abolitionists tried to take Adam Smith’s ‘Free Market’ thought and apply it to legal proceedings. This has been demonstrated by the success of the freelance system used in the East Indies.

6. A New Whig Government

One cannot underestimate the influence of the political environment when it comes to understanding why emancipation occurred. It was no coincidence that slavery was abolished just a year after the Great Reform Act of 1832 and the subsequent election of the Whig Government under the leadership of Lord Grey. , abolishing the ‘rotten districts’ that had previously awarded parliamentary seats to wealthy members of the West Indian Interest Group. The election of 1832 resulted in an additional 200 candidates pledging to support an end to slavery.

7. Compensation

Many historians have rightly argued that without the promise of reparations to slave owners, a repeal bill would not receive enough support to pass in parliament. Originally proposed as a £15,000,000 loan, the government soon committed £20,000,000 financing to approximately 47,000 claimants, some of whom owned only a few slaves and others who owned thousands of people. Owners can rest easy knowing that their financial return can be reinvested in other commercial businesses. Read more: Why outkast broke up1807

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